A Short Bibliography of Recent Studies on Roman Demography in English

This bibliography was generously contributed by Thomas Anderson.  He purposely restricted it, with the exception of a few classic works,  to recent works in English with good bibliographies that make a contribution to one of the many debates on this difficult subject.

The editor would appreciate further contributions.

Originally posted March 6, 2003.

Online Bibliographies of Late Antiquity


Bagnall, Roger S.& Frier, Bruce W. The Demography of Roman Egypt.Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press, 1994.


Boak, Arthur E.R. Manpower Shortage and the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West.Ann

Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1955.


Brunt, P.A. Italian Manpower.Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971, rvsd.ed.1987.

Garnsey, Peter. Food and Society in Classical Antiquity.Cambridge: Cambridge University

Press, 1999,

------ Famine and Food Supply in the Graeco-Roman World: Responses to Risk and Crisis.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Gilliam, J.F. "The Plague under Marcus Aurelius." American Journal of Philology 82

(1961): 225-251.

Harlow, Mary & Laurence, Ray. Growing Up and Growing Old in Ancient Rome.London & New

York: Routledge, 2002.

Harris, William V. “Demography, Geography and the Sources of Roman Slaves”

Journal of Roman Studies 89 (1999): 62-75.

------ "Child-Exposure in the Roman Empire." Journal of Roman Studies 84 (1994): 1-22.

Haselgrove, Colin. "The Romanization of Belgic Gaul: Some Archaeological Perspectives."

In The Early Roman Empire in the West, edited by Blagg & Millett, pp.45-71.

Oxford, 1990.

Hopkins, Keith. "The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage." Population Studies 18 (1965):


------ "On the Probable Age Structure of the Roman Empire." Population Studies 20 (1966):


------ "Contraception in the Roman Empire." Comparative Studies in Society and History 8


------ Death and Renewal.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Jones, Michael E. The End of Roman Britain.Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Lewit, Tamara. Agricultural Production in the Roman Economy: A.D.200-400.Oxford:

British Archaeological Reports (International Series, 568), 1991.

Littman, R.J.& Littman, M.L. "Galen and the Antonine Plague." American Journal of

Philology 94 (1973): 243-255.

Lo Cascio, Elio. “Recruitment and the Size of the Roman population from the third to the

first century BCE.” In Debating Roman Demography, edited by Walter Scheidel, pp.

111-138.Leiden: Brill, 2001.

------ “The Size of the Roman Population: Beloch and the Meaning of the Augustan Census

Figures.” Journal of Roman Studies 84 (1994): 23-40.

Parkin, Tim, G. Demography and Roman Society.Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press,


Potter, D.S.& Mattingly, D.J.(eds.). Life Death and Entertainment in the Roman Empire.

Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Riddle, John M. Contraception and Abortion from Antiquity to the Renaissance.Cambridge:

Harvard University Press, 1992.

Sallares, Robert. Malaria and Rome.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Saller, Richard. Patriarchy, property and death in the Roman family.Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press, 1994.

------ "Men's Age at Marriage and its Consequences for the Roman Family." Classical

Philology 82 (1987): 21-34.

Scheidel, Walter (ed.). Debating Roman Demography.Leiden: Brill, 2001.

------ Death on the Nile: Disease and the Demography of Roman Egypt.Leiden: Brill, 2001.

------ "Quantifying the Sources of Slaves in the Early Roman Empire." Journal of Roman

Studies 87 (1997): 156-169.

Scobie, Alex. "Slums, Sanitation, and Mortality in the Roman World." Klio 68 (1986):


Shaw, Brent D. "The Age of Roman Girls at Marriage, Some Reconsiderations." Journal of

Roman Studies 77 (1987): 30-46.

------ "Latin Funeral Epigraphy and Family Life in the Later Roman Empire." Historia 33

(1984): 457-97.